Facing Childhood Obesity – Let’s take on
Childhood obesity can be defined as the buildup of excessive or abnormal fat that can harm the health. It is a medical condition generally effecting teenagers and children. Children have minor weight related medical and health problems as compared to adults. Generally over weighted children are at the higher risk of becoming overweight adults with the risk of developing chronic diseases like heart diseases, diabetes, and high blood pressure for further life. Overweight children at times may also develop stress, sadness, and low-esteem and can lead to depression also.
What Causes Obesity in Kids?
There are varieties of reasons for a child being overweight and obese. Genetic factors, lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating habits are the most common cause for this disorder. In a very rare scenario, medical conditions like hormonal problem can be the reason of obesity.
Physical exam and blood tests can be done to check the possibility of medical condition as the cause for obesity.
Family history does play a vital role for children getting overweight but it is not necessary in every scenario. It all depends on the eating and activity habits of the member of the family.
Diet and activity level play an important role to check a child’s weight. In today’s time, several children spent a lot of time being inactive like spending more hours each day watching television or sleeping or playing computer and video games, etc.
What Diseases Are Obese Children at Risk For?
Being overweight is a root cause for several other diseases like:
High Blood Pressure
High Cholesterol level
Early Heart Diseases
Acne, fungal infection and various skin disease
Symptoms of obesity:
The symptoms of obesity are as follows:
Trouble in sleeping
Shortness of breath/ breathing problem
Osteoarthritis in weight-bearing joints, especially knees
The diagnosis can be done in various ways:
By calculating BMI (Body Mass Index):
BMI includes height and weight, is BMI of a body is 30 or more it clearly shows of obesity.
By Skin Calipers:
Calipers are the instrument used to measure the thickness of the skin. This can used to calculate the fat of the body.
Waist circumference is used to measure abdominal obesity. Women with waist size more than 35 inches and men more than 40 inches are at higher risk of obesity.
Obesity prevention can be done in various ways:
Maintaining a healthy body weight
Eating a well-balanced diet
Exercise on daily basis/regularly
Prevention of obesity is mandatory as once fat cells develop into the body they stay on forever, though we can reduce down the size of the fat cells controlling over our increased weight.
Weights loss can be achieved by:
Consuming less calories on daily basis
Increasing the activity and exercise time on daily routine
Prescribed diet pills from consulted doctor along with calorie restricted diet.
Surgery- Weight loss surgery called bariatric surgery can be considered if the BMI is greater than 40.